The unique application of silicon carbide in the jewelry industry
At the Shanghai International Art Fair in November this year, young artist Li Yirong developed a carrier of another kind of artistic creation and design outside the canvas and silk - the shiny mozo crystals that were still brighter than the diamonds.
Mulzite is the most advanced scientific and technological achievement in today's semiconductor industry. It is regarded as the third generation of silicon carbide crystals after silicon, germanium and gallium arsenide.
Carbon and silicon are two most common elements on the earth, but because of their inertia, it is difficult to combine natural carbon and silicon to form blue crystals. The earliest silicon carbide crystals in nature were discovered in 1893 and were not found on earth, but were discovered by Dr. Henry Mosan (Henri Moissan), the Nobel prize winner, in the Arizona meteorites. In the process of entering Earth from space, meteorites go through the baptism of high temperature and pressure, carbon and silicon have synthesized single crystals, but the number is rare, and Dr. Moran has found less than enough to make a pair of earrings.
Since the middle of the last century, crystal scientists both at home and abroad have been working hard to study silicon carbide single crystal growth technology in the laboratory until the last more than 10 years have made substantial breakthroughs.
Silicon carbide crystals have some unique physical and chemical properties. Compared with silicon, it has a wider band gap, higher breakdown electric field, higher thermal conductivity, higher electronic saturation rate and higher radiation resistance. Silicon carbide materials and industries were listed as materials and industries in the future world by American Fortune magazine in 2007.
Silicon carbide can be regarded as a revolutionary technology called the invention of steam engine. In nineteenth Century, the British invented the steam engine, making Britain a sunset empire. In twentieth Century, Americans developed silicon based semiconductors and formed an information industry base represented by the United States Silicon Valley. The original computer had a big building, and the silicon based semiconductor could do so little today. No silicon based semiconductors would have today's network, information, and no information, The prosperity and development of the electronic industry.
The growth of crystal itself is science and art. Because of the possibility that the atomic structure of silicon carbide has hundreds of possibilities, the growth crystal needs numerous and continuous trial and error process, and the temperature field is very high. Therefore, the threshold of industrialization technology and capital is very high.
Artificial carbon crystal, namely artificial diamond, is because the industry is far more than natural diamond and has to give up.
Moissanite is the most shining stones in the world
In addition to industrial applications, the hardness of silicon carbide is only inferior to that of diamond, and its brightness, glossiness and fire color even surpass that of diamond. After Dr. Henry Mosan discovered the silicon carbide crystal, the gemologist George Koons (George Kunz) of tiffany jewellery named the crystal gemstone (Moissanite Gemstone), or it was called the mulberry drill.
The Ph. D, founded by CREE, soon discovered the unique application of the new material in the jewellery industry, and created a professional mulzite company in 1995, mainly in the North American market, and in 1998, the momulite company was also successfully listed on NASDAQ.
The characteristics of moissanite beauty from the physical, chemical and optical aspects of its unique. The refraction of the mulzite is 2.6, the dispersive luminosity is 0.104, and the 2.4 times the diamond, which makes the mulzite refracting the light into a rainbow like fire, known as the brightest gem in the world. The permanence of mulzite comes from its high hardness, the moill hardness of mulzite is 9.25, and the hardness of the ruby and sapphire is higher than that of the ruby and sapphire, making mulzite hard to wear and never fade. In addition to the transparent and white color, mulzite has a variety of colors, such as yellow, blue, green and black. It gives the artists and designers the space to make full use of their artistic creation. The price of mosang stone is only 1/10 of the natural diamond of the same carat, so that consumers can enjoy art and enjoy life more easily.
Moissanite is the crystallization of technology and art of the typical. In the artist's hand, Moissanite is relying on its shiny properties as a new member of a unique family jewels. Li Yirong said that the Mo Sangshi are making life more artistic, more glorious.